Of that total number at the time of their elevation, 13 were under the age of eighty and four were over the age of eighty. He has not shied away from elaborating on those views, and sound bytes such as “Who am I to judge?”, a comment he made referring to homosexuality, have served to portray him as a compassionate conservative whose views are often considered progressive compared to those of his predecessors. In August 2018, the Vatican announced that Pope Francis had approved a change to the Catechism of the Catholic Church that now considers the death penalty "inadmissible because it is an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person."  He addressed this and the clergy sex abuse scandal by convening a summit on clergy sexual abuse in Rome 21–24 February 2019. Kindle Edition $2.99 $ 2. , After Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005, Bergoglio attended his funeral and was considered one of the papabile for succession to the papacy. , The pope has also continued the practice of having beatifications celebrated in the place of the individual's origin though has presided over beatifications himself on three occasions: for Paul Yun Ji-Chung and 123 companions on 16 August 2014, his predecessor Pope Paul VI on 19 October 2014, and two Colombian martyrs on 8 September 2017.  The 25-page document, which was made public in September after it received no reply, criticized the pope for promoting what it described as seven heretical propositions through various words, actions and omissions during his pontificate. Music Album with His Words and Prayers", "Battle of the Pope Francis Biopics Begins With Two Films Shooting in Buenos Aires", "Film Review: 'Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, "The Spiritual Nearness of Wim Wenders's "Pope Francis: Man of His Word, "Francis becomes 1st pope to endorse same-sex civil unions", Vatican Web site: Official biography of Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Study Commission on the Women's Diaconate, Master of Pontifical Liturgical Celebrations, Pope Francis: Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio: His Life in His Own Words, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Pontifical Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of the Theology of the Consecrated Life Claretianum, John Paul II Pontifical Theological Institute for Marriage and Family Sciences, Pontifical Theological Faculty Teresianum, Territorial Abbey and Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Polsi, Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant'Agata dei Goti, Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi-Conza-Nusco-Bisaccia, Territorial Abbey of La Trinità Cava De'Tirreni, Territorial Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore, Territorial Abbacy of Santa Maria of Grottaferrata, Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Italy, Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola, International Association of Jesuit Universities, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Conference of the Latin Bishops of the Arab Regions, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Francis&oldid=1000337645, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mario José Bergoglio and Regina María Sívori.  Ploumen, who has been involved in promoting legislation supporting the legalization of abortion, stated that she believed the honor was given to her in the context of the Dutch state visit to the Vatican in June 2017 in her capacity as Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation. , A February 2014 survey by the World Values Survey cited in The Washington Post and Time shows how the unity Francis had created could be challenged. News circulated about the fact that he returned to the boarding house where he had been staying to pay his bill personally, rather than send an assistant, and that he would choose to live in a simple two-room apartment rather than the luxurious papal accommodations in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace. 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Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. The consistory was also noteworthy for the fact that Francis named the papal almoner Konrad Krajewski as a cardinal, marking the consistory the first occasion where the almoner was made a cardinal.  Historian Uki Goñi pointed that, during early 1976, the military junta still had a good image among society, and that the scale of the political repression was not known until much later; Bergoglio would have had little reason to suspect that the detention of Yorio and Jalics could end up in their deaths.  Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, one of the authors of the dubia, maintains that after Amoris laetitia "only a blind man could deny there's great confusion, uncertainty and insecurity in the Church.  Pope Francis has never officially pronounced support for gay civil unions. He also suffered a personal loss around that same time after several members of his family were killed in a car accident in Argentina. Prior to the 2013 papal conclave, Pope Francis had served as both archbishop and cardinal for more than 12 years. He passed by a church to go to confession, and was inspired by the priest. In March 1958, he entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus. This was a significant appointment, because of the sometimes tense relations between the Society of Jesus and the Holy See. He graduated from a technical school as a chemical technician before beginning training at the Diocesan Seminary of Villa Devoto. Leadership Conference of Women Religious, initiated under his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI. And suggested that same-sex marriage:, He stated that he supports legally recognising same-sex civil unions in a statement from an interview published in October 2020; this passage was from an interview from 2019, but this passage had been cut from public releases at the time. ", This is the first time that a pope has been named Francis.  On the day before his inauguration as pope, Bergoglio, now Francis, had a private meeting with Kirchner. Read all the articles, analysis and opinion about Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Monsters and Critics. As Cardinal, Bergoglio commissioned a study that concluded Grassi was innocent, that his victims were lying and that the case against him never should have gone to trial.