, During the election period, a candidate may not spend more than $600,000 or 30 cents for each person on the electoral register, whichever is greater.  The president's primary role in the exercise of legislative power to make laws is assenting to bills passed by Parliament. Yusof Bin Ishak  Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong later explained that while he expected the "reserved election" policy to be unpopular among the population, he believed it was "the right thing to do". The president can also examine the administration's enforcement of the Internal Security Act and Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act, and authorise corruption investigations (see below). Mr Mugabe was … As a result of constitutional amendments passed in 1991, the presidency became a popularly elected office with certain custodial powers, particularly over government expenditure and key appointments to public offices. 22G. List of World Presidents and Prime Ministers 2020 [Full Updated] ExamGuru 11:00 AM President and Prime Minister of all Countries 2020 PDF: Government exam paper of Current Affairs General Knowledge on the Prime Minister and the President of a country, 1-2 questions are definitely asked. The national constitution sets strict eligibility conditions for the presidency. Washington finished behind only Abraham Lincoln in the inaugural presidential poll of historians by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., first published in 1948. 19(3)(c) and Art 19(4)(b).  For the 2017 presidential election, the members of the PEC are Eddie Teo (chairman), Lim Soo Hoon, Chan Heng Chee, Po'ad Shaik Abu Bakar Mattar, Tay Yong Kwang, and Peter Seah. 1957-1958 Dr V Thambipillai. Candidates or their polling agents may also affix their own seals to the ballot boxes. 44(2)(c). Nathan established the President's Challenge with the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports and its statutory board, the National Council of Social Service. After his death he was replaced by Benjamin Sheares, who served until his death in 1981, when he was succeeded by Chengara Veetil Devan Nair. The President is the head of state of Singapore. Your email address will not be published. The privy purse was reduced from $4,267,500 after the president accepted the Ministerial Salaries Review Committee's recommendations on the matter. I, [name], having been elected President of the Republic of Singapore, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as such to the best of my ability without fear or favour, affection or ill-will, and without regard to any previous affiliation with any political party, and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic, and that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore. Constitution, Art. SINGAPORE: President Halimah Yacob dissolved Parliament on Tuesday (Jun 23) on the advice of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) said. SINGAPORE — At a Chinese New Year event his school hosted for senior citizens when he was 13, Alden Tan Ming Yang said, among them are two women who will be launching out after their tertiary education into male preserves. The office of President also becomes vacant if it is determined that the election of the President was void and no other person was duly elected as President, or if on the expiration of the incumbent's term the person declared elected as President fails to take office: Arts. Before 1993, the president was chosen by the Parliament of Singapore. In addition, the president contributes to the nation's external relations by undertaking overseas trips on Cabinet's advice. In 2000, S.R. Nathan and Halimah Yacob are the only candidates that won in an election in a walkover in 1999, 2005 and 2017 respectively. singapore's 11 president scholars received their awards from president dr benjamin henry sheares in a floodlit ceremony at the istana. SINGAPORE: Four young Singaporeans were awarded the President’s Scholarship in a ceremony at the Istana on Thursday (Aug 15). Ed. Elected presidents were to serve for a six-year term, while the presidency has no term limits. , The president is the head of state of Singapore. Constitution, Art.  In addition, the president may withhold assent to any Supply Bill, Supplementary Supply Bill or Final Supply Bill for any financial year if in his or her opinion the estimates of revenue and expenditure, supplementary estimates or statement of excess are likely to lead to a drawing on past reserves.  In addition, the president is required to consult the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA) when performing some of his functions. Civil List and Pension Act: Resolution Passed at Parliament Meeting 2012 (, Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports, "Law allows Parliament to count Wee Kim Wee's term in triggering reserved presidential election: High Court", "Elected Presidency: Amendments to Constitution passed in Parliament", "Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (Amendment) Act 2016", Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, "Tan Cheng Bock's legal challenge on the reserved presidential election explained", "TAN CHENG BOCK v ATTORNEY GENERAL  SGHC 160 DECISION DATE: 07 Jul 2017 HC/OS 495/2017", "Tan Cheng Bock's constitutional challenge dismissed by High Court", "Perpetual presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock bows out gracefully", "Singaporeans miffed by 'reserved' presidential election - Nikkei Asian Review", "Halimah Yacob set to be Singapore's first female president: A timeline of her career", "A Budget first: Govt to draw $4.9b from past reserves", "Turning of the second key went smoothly", "How Singapore elected a president without a vote", "PM Lee spells out why he pushed for reserved election".  The allowance for the Istana's household expenses (Class III) is $2,762,308, an increase from $694,000. PEA, s. 62A(2), inserted by the Presidential Elections (Amendment) Act 2010 (No.  If the office of president becomes vacant before the incumbent's term expires, a poll for an election must be held within six months. All Rights Reserved. Articles from the Constitution were drawn from provisions in three statutes; the Republic of Singapore Independence Act (1965), the Constitution of the State of Singapore (1963), and the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. If both are unavailable the presidential functions are performed by an individual appointed by the Parliament, The Parliament of Singapore is required to provide a civil list for the maintenance of the president, and it does so by way of the Civil List and Gratuity Act.  In particular, the PEC must be satisfied that the potential candidates are persons of integrity, good character and reputation; and if they have not previously held certain key government offices or acted as chairman of the board of directors or CEO of a company incorporated or registered under the Companies Act with shareholders' equity of at least $500 million, that they held a position of comparable seniority and responsibility in the public or private sector that has given them experience and ability in administering and managing financial affairs. His first term of office was from 1 September 1999 to 31 August 2005. Under the revision, the president is empowered to veto the use of the country's past reserves and key civil service appointments.  Ambassadors and high commissioners accredited to Singapore present their credentials to the president, and the president is called upon by visiting foreign leaders. Constitution, Art.  The office falls vacant upon the expiry of the incumbent's term or if the president is for some reason unable to complete their term; for example, due to death, resignation, or removal from office for misconduct or mental or physical infirmity. , Class IV expenses for "special services" are $550,000. 32B(1) and (4). Speaking in Parliament on 10 March 2011, Minister for Finance Tharman Shanmugaratnam explained that this sum was to cater for the salaries of an additional staff officer to support the work of the Council of Presidential Advisers, and a butler manager; and to meet higher variable staff salary payments due to the nation's strong economic growth. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The strictness of these qualifications led to the 1999, 2005, and 2017 elections being walkovers as only one candidate had qualified on nomination day. 19(7). 1960-1961 Dr P Oorjitham. Constitution, Arts. I hope this assortment can make you a lot of fun. The president must be resident in Singapore at the date of their nomination for election, and must have been so resident for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than ten years prior to that date.  After all counts, and recounts if any, have been completed, the returning officer ascertains whether the total number of electors registered to vote overseas is less than the difference between the number of votes for the two candidates with the highest number of votes. 1956-1957 Lim Kim San. They were Yusof, Benjamin Henry Sheares, C. V. Devan Nair and Wee Kim Wee. The returning officer then states the number of votes cast for each candidate and the date and location where the overseas votes will be counted.. Parliamentary Elections Act, 2007 Rev.  The PEC consists of the chairman of the Public Service Commission, who is also the chairman of the PEC, the chairman of the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority, and a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights. 1 diplomat". Constitution, Art. 19(2)(c) read with Art. The first popularly elected president was Ong Teng Cheong, a former cabinet minister. He was re-elected on 17 August 2005; both his election came on walkovers without any opposing contestants. The President’s Scholarship is widely regarded as Singapore’s most prestigious undergraduate scholarship. , The Constitution confers on the president certain executive functions to block attempts by the government of the day to draw down past reserves that it did not accumulate. She is first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president.  The president has certain powers of oversight over the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau and decisions of the Executive under the Internal Security Act and the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act. ABOUT > About Us > Past Presidents. Rejected and tendered votes are excluded. This was a result of transitional provisions in the Constitution of Singapore in 2017, which were affirmed by the High Court following a legal challenge by presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock. 45(2). He was not elected by the people in a vote, but became president by virtue of being the sole candidate deemed qualified by the Presidential Elections Committee. A person who wishes to run for the office of president has to fulfil stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution, which are as follows: The Cabinet is responsible for all government policies and the day-to-day administration of the affairs of state. The portraits of President Halimah and her spouse, Mr Mohamed Abdullah Alhabshee, are displayed in public buildings. Nathan who served from 1999 to 2011 and the only living former president was Tony Tan who served from 2011 to 2017. All other laws in the land are subordinate to the constitution. SINGAPORE - Five young Singaporeans were awarded the President's Scholarship on Wednesday (Aug 16) evening at the Istana. 19(2)(c) read with Art. Published November 19, 2020, Your email address will not be published. Following the Westminster system, the position is largely ceremonial, but enjoys several reserve powers including withholding presidential assent on supply bills and changing or revoking civil service appointments.The current system of holding elections for the Presidency began with the 1993 election. The Singapore Parliament is unicameral and together with the President of Singapore is known as the Legislature. In view of the ongoing global economic slowdown and effects of the COVID-19 outbreak, the government has announced that the Singapore President and all cabinet ministers, including the Prime Minister, will be taking a one-month pay cut.. Perhaps it is timely to examine how much of a financial impact this will have, or whether the pay cut is an insignificant drop in the bucket from a …  The executive authority of the nation is vested in the president and exercisable by them or by the Cabinet or any minister authorised by the Cabinet. According to Article 19 of the Singapore Constitution, to qualify for election as President, a person must: Be a Singapore citizen; Be at least 45 years old; Have his or her name appear in a current register of electors; Be resident in Singapore for at least 10 …  The president also possesses personal discretion to withhold assent to any bill in Parliament providing directly or indirectly for the direct or indirect variation, changing or increase in powers of the Central Provident Fund Board to invest moneys belonging to it; and the borrowing of money, the giving of any guarantee or the raising of any loan by the Government if in the president's opinion the bill is likely to draw on reserves not accumulated by the Government during its current term of office. 2 After the legislation on elected presidency came into effect on 30 November 1991, Singapore held its first presidential election on 28 August 1993 and Ong Teng Cheong became the country’s first elected president. 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