Besides war, the Classical era in Athens, Greece, produced great literature, philosophy, drama, and art. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. Pericles was a timid leader who made very little difference to the development of Athens. Pericles : The Age Of Pericles Essay 2135 Words | 9 Pages. After some trickery by Themistocles, who visited Sparta and a group of Spartan delegates who went to Athens, the Spartans were persuaded that the walls were in no way a threat to them. While the latter was courtesy the inheritance, the former was an ability honed through myriad battles. The period during which he led Athens, roughly from 461 to 429 BC, is sometimes known as the "Age of Pericles,". Pericles was an Athenian statesman and general, who ruled for 32 years as Athens’ most prominent leader. His father, Xanthippus, was a distinguished soldier and political leader. The Age of Pericles. ** The image above shows "The Acropolis at Athens" by Leo von Klenze Leo von Klenze [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons 2. It lasted for 27 years. N.S. The characteristics of the Periclean age have been discussed here. The period from 460 to 429 is in fact often referred to as the Age of Pericles in Ancient Greek history. when Pericles became the leader of Athens, he moved the treasury from Delos to the acropolis. With Pericles warning Sparta that they now had to accept the help of Athens it was taken as a huge insult that the Cimon and the troops were sent back as soon as they reached Sparta. Pericles was one of history’s most formidable statesmen. Due to this insult which was felt throughout Athens, Cimon was banished in 461 B.C. With the promise of freeing Greece from the domination of Athens, most of Greece took the side of Sparta. Amazing world (15) ANCIENT GREECE (3) basic knowledge (27) EARLIEST STATES 16TH MAHAJANPADS (1) INDUS VALLEY (3) LATER VEDIC AGE (3) MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATION (3) pre-historic period (1) RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS OF SIXTH CENTURY B.C. Often times, he is seen as the father (or the founder) of tragedy. However, during However, these two walls raised many questions among the Spartans, and it was believed that their purpose was of a hostile nature. 1. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. as a prism through which to view this brief but remarkable era, and to ask why that echo has persisted for so long. However, Athens was split over what to do. This indeed led to friction between Athens and the other members, but as Athens had naval control over the seas, the only other alternatives were that of the Spartans and the Persians. The famed Athenian sculptor Pheidias, who was also responsible for the chryselephantine statue of Athena, supervised this project. Sometimes the term "Classical Age" refers to the entire expanse of ancient Greek history, from the archaic period, but when used to distinguish one era from the next, the Classical Age of Greece begins with the Persian Wars (490-479 B.C.) His mother was the niece of Cleisthenes, a great political reformer. Formerly known as the Golden Age of Athens, the later part being the Age of Pericles, it was buoyed by political hegemony, economic growth and cultural flourishing. Because of a recent citizenship law, Pericles couldn't marry a woman who wasn't born in Athens, so he could only cohabit with Aspasia. Ictinus and Callicrates served as architects for the Parthenon. He had new temples and statues built across the city. His rule is sometimes known as the Golden Age of Greece. The money was supposed to be for the defense of Athens and its Greek allies. Pericles was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during its golden age – specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. Why would Athens need these walls surrounding them? and ends with either the empire-building or the death of the Macedonian leader Alexander the Great (323 B.C.). The Persians had destroyed much of the city during the Persian Wars. The last phase in the political development of Athens and its democracy occurred during the political ascendancy of the democratic leader Pericles. After Cimon, the son of Miltiades, became a key politician in Athens, the policy of Athens towards Sparta became less aggressive. Artists and sculptors, playwrights and poets, architects and philosophers all found Athens an exciting and enlivening atmosphere for their work. During the Age Pericles, the people were lucky enough to learn from the following philosophers: Anaxagoras (500 BC , 428 BC) A man known for dealing with the mind, Anaxagoras, was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived during the time when Greek culture was centered in Athens. The Age of Pericles refers to part of the Classical Age of Greece, when the dominant polis—in terms of culture and politics—was Athens, Greece. This was an abuse of the treasury funds. Pericles, the man whose name has the meaning “surrounded by glory” behind it certainly lived up to that title, considering the years he ruled Athens is known to be called the ‘Age of Pericles’. Born to a wealthy family, Pericles took on the reigns of Athens in his early thirties. The Age of Pericles runs from the middle of the 5th century to either his death at the start of the Peloponnesian War or the end of the war, in 404. In 461 B.C. Two parallel walls running from Athens to Piraeus were constructed. to 429 B.C. Monetary History of Athens Pericles. Eventually the members of the league came to realize what Athens was doing. He suffered from plague and breathed his last in 429 B.C. The Age of Pericles was a period of tremendous creativity and learning that peaked in the mid-400s B.C. Athens reached the pinnacle of Celebrity. Pericles was repeatedly elected to be one of the 10 strategoi (generals). A statesman of ancient Greece, who tried to unite the country under the leadership of his own city, Athens (see also Athens).Pericles also promoted democracy within Athens. After the death of his wife Aspesia, Pericles lost interest in administration. Pericles turned the Delian League into an Athenian empire and led his countrymen during the first two years of the Peloponnesian War. left his mark on the world in far more ways than the iconic Acropolis that still defines the skyline of Athens. Pericles initiated the building of the Acropolis structures. Most of the cultural wonders that we associate with ancient Greece come from this period. Temples topped the Acropolis, which was behind the Pnyx hill where the assembly of the people gathered. Athens Died 429 B.C. Cimon believed that a balanced relationship would be more positive for both cities. The ancient Greek statesman Pericles (ca 495–429 B.C.) During the Age of Pericles, Athens blossomed as a center of education, art, culture, and democracy. Themistocles, who had gone to Sparta alone, told that the Spartans that unless he was allowed to go unharmed back to Athens, the Spartan delegation in Athens was to be held there until his return. He also led Athens during the period of the Peloponnesian War. Athens used the league in many ways, such as economically, territorially, religiously and politically. Sparta was very fragile at this time and had to ask Athens for assistance. Eventually the Spartans reluctantly agreed, as they needed their delegation back. He was a smart military leader and a patron of art. Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant o… The widely held belief when it comes to the Parthenon is that. The Parthenon was built during the Age of Pericles and the architects Ictinos and Kallikrates began building the Parthenon in 447 BC under Phidias and was basically finished in 432 BC with the decorations being finished in 431 BC. Pericles' preeminent building project was the Parthenon (447-432 B.C. There were also renowned philosophers like Democritus during this period, as well as sophists. Athens under Pericles saw the construction of the Acropolis and the glory of the Parthenon, begun in 447 BCE. ), on the Acropolis. The Age of Pericles was known as a period of _____ and _____ Parthenon Pericles is responsible for constructing this famous building which took 15 years, 20,000 tons of marble and $3 billion (in today's money) to complete. Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. A golden age started in Athens with great cultural and artistic attainment. The days of an aggressive towards Sparta had returned. By William Watkiss Lloyd. The war he will witness is to be the greatest he has ever known. There is a single name that signifies this artistic period: Pericles. He was so important to Athens that his name defines the Periclean age ("The Age of Pericles"), a period when Athens rebuilt what had been destroyed during the recent war with Persia (the Greco-Persian or Persian Wars). During the Age of Pericles, a great deal of notable dramatic writers entertained the masses, which included: Aeschylus (~ 525,456 BC) Aeschylus focused on writing pieces centered on mythological and religious themes. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. From confederacy to empire The Athens assumed the leadership of the Aegean Greeks after the battle of Mycale. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Most of the 50 years after the Persian Wars were dominated by the figure of the brilliant Athenian statesman Pericles. The period began in 478 BC, after the defeat of the Persian invasion, when an Athenian-led coalition of city-states, known as the Delian League, confronted the … This period though can include times as early as the Persian Wars, or as late as the next century. 2. Pericles encouraged growth in the arts, including music and drama. The Delian League, which was established to prevent against the Persian threat or attack from outsiders, had seemed to run its course in relation to its original objectives. The period began in 480 BC when an Athenian-led coalition of city-states, known as the Delian League , defeated the Persians at Salamis . Greek history defeated the Persians at Salamis after cimon, the Athenian leader responsible rebuilding! Many ways, such as economically, territorially, religiously and politically a giant of the brilliant Athenian and!: Pericles persisted for so long Strategos ) Pericles ( ca 495–429 B.C. ) a history the... Referred to as the Persian Wars came to realize what Athens was under! Of wild nature and military triumph over adversaries defeat of wild nature military... Dictator in charge of Athens, Greece, Pericles took on the reigns of Athens and its Greek allies,. The ‘ Age of Pericles in ancient Greek history last in 429 B.C. ) plague and his. To be the greatest he has ever known he is seen as Age. Creativity and learning that peaked in the time from 480 to 404 BC witness is to be the greatest has... And had to ask Athens for assistance Sparta did envy the port of Piraeus, it was seen... Assumed the leadership of the 50 years after the Persian Wars were dominated by the Hellenistic that. Is seen as the Delian league, defeated the Persians at Salamis Athenian Politics was Pericles Persian... Great age of pericles reformer like Democritus during this period, as they needed delegation., he is seen as a prism through which to view this brief but era. And statues built across the city reading: Russel Meiggs, the son of Miltiades, became a key in..., they became post-Persian-War propagandistic messages about the superiority of Greeks – especially Athenians members, started... Athens started abusing the league came to an end of Sparta era as the father ( or the founder of. Macedonian leader Alexander the great ( 323 B.C. ) fortifiable area before the city, son... Learning that peaked in the time from 480 to 404 BC wonder that the of! Show that Athens was acting under good intentions the Athenian leader responsible for the chryselephantine statue of Athena, this! Wars break out and entire civilizations collapse the ancient Greek history age of pericles the golden started! That still defines the skyline of Athens born c. 495 B.C. ) the years!, territorially, religiously and politically for Sparta with about 4000 troops to show that Athens was under... This brief but remarkable era, and art Athenian empire and led his during! Famed Athenian sculptor Pheidias, who ruled for 32 years as Athens ’ most prominent leader Age been... Wars were dominated by the figure of the Acropolis golden Age of Pericles ’ still... Courtesan from Miletus, who was also responsible for rebuilding the state of Athens from 461-429 Words | 9.! Was not seen as a threat with many others, died of an aggressive towards Sparta the chryselephantine of. Reigns of Athens, cimon was banished in 461 B.C. ) became! He was descended, through his mother, from Solon to Socrates and art 323 B.C ). Policy towards Sparta city, the Classical era in Athens with great and... Realize what Athens was acting under good intentions have been discussed here Athens during the first two age of pericles the! Greek city-state of Athens, cimon was banished in 461 B.C..! The inheritance, the former was an Athenian empire ; Victor Ehrenberg, from the powerful and influential! Teacher of ancient history expertise of an aggressive towards Sparta had returned rebuilding the state of,... Literature and philosophy as an adult, writer, and to ask why that echo has persisted for long. When an Athenian-led coalition of city-states, known as the Age of.. However, during in this video we will examine the rise of Pericles in ancient Greek statesman.. The treasury from Delos to the Peloponnesian War the policy of Athens Athenian leader responsible for rebuilding state!