[104] Her songs "Respect" and "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" became anthems of these movements for social change. Aretha Franklin wirkte in dem Spielfilm Blues Brothers (1980) und seinem Sequel Blues Brothers 2000 (1998) mit. Jasper Williams Jr. of Salem Baptist Church in Atlanta, as he had eulogized her father as well as speaking at other family memorials. confers 3,243 degrees at 309th Commencement", "Aretha Franklin Continues Streak of No. In rich detail, she paints a vivid picture of a Detroit long gone: the storefront churches, the basement parties, the explosive R&B shows. Oktober 2020 um 10:50 Uhr bearbeitet. While Franklin's career did not immediately flourish, she found acclaim and commercial success after signing with Atlantic Records in 1966. "[171][172], Following a telecast procession up Seven Mile Road, Franklin was interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in Detroit. [2] 2008 erschien ihr erstes Weihnachtsalbum This Christmas Aretha. [4] Das Thema des Songs machte Respect auch zu einer Hymne der Frauenbewegung.[5]. [108], After being raised in Detroit, Franklin relocated in the 1960s to New York City, where she lived until moving to Los Angeles in the mid-1970s. Her father was a Baptist minister and circuit preacher originally from Shelby, Mississippi, while her mother was an accomplished piano player and vocalist. [128], Franklin's music business friends included Dionne Warwick, Mavis Staples, and Cissy Houston, who began singing with Franklin as members of the Sweet Inspirations. [15] At that time, Barbara Franklin returned to Buffalo with Aretha's half-brother, Vaughn. 1961: Aretha (mit The Ray Bryant Combo) 1962: The Electrifying Aretha Franklin 1962: Spirituals Recorded During Service at New Bethel Baptist Church-Detroit, Mich. (mit Sammie Bryant und Reverend C. L. Franklin) 1963: Laughing On the Outside 1964: Unforgettable – A Tribute to Dinah Washington 1964: Two Sides of Love 1965: Songs of Faith 1965: Once in a Lifetime Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries, and 20 number-one R&B singles. C.L. 12 years later, an unheard performance of "Never Gonna Break My Faith" was released in June 2020 to commemorate Juneteeth with a new video visualizing the American human rights movement. [21], Aretha's father's emotionally driven sermons resulted in his being known as the man with the "million-dollar voice". By marrying Turman, Franklin became stepmother of Turman's three children from a previous marriage. November 2018 auf dem Dokumentarfilmfestival DOC NYC in New York City uraufgeführt.[18]. Suspicion was drawn when the fake Franklin charged only a fraction of the expected rate to perform. Im Alter von 18 Jahren begann sie, neben Gospel auch Popmusik aufzunehmen. [Part 8] : UNT Digital Library", "The Tender, The Moving, The Swinging Aretha Franklin", "This is the moment Aretha Franklin became the 'Queen of Soul, "Aretha Franklin: 18 major events in the singer's life", "How Mahalia Jackson defined the 'I Have a Dream' speech", "Aretha Franklin & the Art of Musical Partnership", "Clive Davis Mourns Aretha Franklin: 'Truly One of a Kind, "John Landis, Who Directed Aretha Franklin's Only Two Movies, Remembers Her 'Blues Brothers' Turns", "Writer's Ballad Tapped For Abc-tv Fall Theme", "American album certifications – Aretha Franklin – A Rose Is Still a Rose", "Jewels in the Crown: All Star Duets with the Queen", "Univ. [16] After the separation, Aretha recalled seeing her mother in Buffalo during the summer, and Barbara Franklin frequently visited her children in Detroit. The album sold well over a million copies thanks to the hits "Freeway of Love", the title track, and "Another Night". 1972 nahm die US-amerikanische Soulsängerin Aretha Franklin mit berühmten Gospelmusikern bei zwei Live-Auftritten in der Missionary Baptist Church in Los Angeles ihr legendäres Doppelalbum „Amazing Grace“ auf. Sie gehört zu den Interpreten mit den meisten verkauften Tonträgern weltweit. That February, Franklin earned the first two of her Grammys, including the debut category for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. In 1968, she issued the top-selling albums Lady Soul and Aretha Now, which included some of her most popular hit singles, including "Chain of Fools", "Ain't No Way", "Think" and "I Say a Little Prayer". In 1998, Franklin returned to the Top 40 with the Lauryn Hill-produced song "A Rose Is Still a Rose"; later, she released an album of the same name which was certified gold. Bei Columbia Records wurde 1960 ihre erste Popschallplatte veröffentlicht. [108] She quietly and without fanfare supported Indigenous Peoples' struggles worldwide, and numerous movements that supported Native American and First Nation cultural rights. [131], Franklin was a Christian[132][133] and was a registered Democrat. Following Franklin's divorce from Ted White, her brother Cecil became her manager, and maintained that position until his death from lung cancer on December 26, 1989. Franklin's grandmother "Big Mama" helped raise Clarence. On an ABC promo aired on July 27, 2010, announcing Franklin and, Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do), The Tender, the Moving, the Swinging Aretha Franklin, Jewels in the Crown: All-Star Duets with the Queen, Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics, Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, Unforgettable: A Tribute to Dinah Washington, List of awards and nominations received by Aretha Franklin, "Grammys Producer Ken Ehrlich on Aretha Franklin's Last-Minute, Showstopping 1998 Opera Moment: 'She Was Incomparable, "When Aretha Franklin stepped in for Pavarotti at the last minute to perform Nessun Dorma", "Aretha Franklin's Estate Is Worth $80 Million. Both stations were originally named after other people. "Respect" was a huge hit for Franklin, and became a signature song for her. [176] The National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences awarded her a Grammy Legend Award in 1991, then the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1994. [citation needed] Franklin's 1991 album, What You See is What You Sweat, flopped on the charts. Sie sang mit ihren beiden Schwestern Carolyn und Erma im Chor der „New Bethel Baptist Church“ ihres Vaters. [37], After turning 18, Franklin confided to her father that she aspired to follow Sam Cooke in recording pop music, and moved to New York. [48] By 1964, Franklin began recording more pop music, reaching the top 10 on the R&B chart with the ballad "Runnin' Out of Fools" in early 1965. A GRAMMY Celebration For The Queen of Soul", "Tyler Perry to Host Aretha Franklin Tribute Special for CBS, Recording Academy", "Aretha Franklin Tribute Concert Lines Up Janelle Monae, Alicia Keys, John Legend", "Aretha Franklin honored with star-studded tribute concert", "TV Review: 'Aretha! "Respect" became her signature song and was later hailed as a civil rights and feminist anthem. Among the visitors were gospel musicians Clara Ward, James Cleveland, and early Caravans members Albertina Walker and Inez Andrews. [170] Williams's eulogy was criticized for being "a political address that described children being in a home without a father as 'abortion after birth' and said black lives do not matter unless blacks stop killing each other". ", "Soul Survivor: The revival and hidden treasure of Aretha Franklin", "That time Aretha Franklin dazzled America on Thanksgiving with national anthem", "Aretha Franklin's classic old records get Royal Philharmonic garnish", "Aretha Franklin gives Detroit something to remember", "Review: Aretha Franklin buoyant at Chicago Theatre", "The Diva Has Returned: Aretha Franklin Reveals Stunning Weight Loss", "Queen of Soul Aretha Franklin dies: A look back at her legacy", "Relive Aretha Franklin at Ravinia for what wound up being her final full concert ever! Dort konnte sie mit weiteren Nummer-eins-Hits und Grammys an frühere Erfolge anknüpfen. On January 20, 2009, Franklin made international headlines for performing "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" at President Barack Obama's inaugural ceremony with her church hat becoming a popular topic online. [114] Franklin would visit them often. [146] She canceled an appearance at a Major League Baseball luncheon in Chicago honoring her commitment to civil rights on August 24[147] and also a performance on September 21 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ihr Vater Clarence LaVaughn Franklin war ein bekannter Baptistenprediger. [6] Sie unterstützte einige wohltätige Organisationen und politische Aktivisten, darunter die National Association for the Advancement of Colored People und die Special Olympics.[7]. The song's b-side, "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man", reached the R&B top 40, peaking at number 37. [187] Inducted to the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012, Franklin was described as "the voice of the civil rights movement, the voice of black America". Franklin began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan, where her father C. L. Franklin was a minister. Aretha Louise Franklin (March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American singer, songwriter, actress, pianist, and civil rights activist. [64], In 1980, after leaving Atlantic Records,[65] Franklin signed with Clive Davis's Arista Records[66] and that same year gave a command performance at London's Royal Albert Hall in front of Queen Elizabeth. 'Respect' is as precise an artifact as a Ming vase". She denied that the ailment had anything to do with pancreatic cancer, as had been reported. The "all-star" group performed gospel songs, including renditions from Franklin's 1972 album, Amazing Grace. In 2014, Franklin was signed under RCA Records, controller of the Arista catalog and a sister label to Columbia via Sony Music Entertainment, and worked with Clive Davis. 1998 sprang sie für Luciano Pavarotti ein und sang Puccinis Opernarie Nessun dorma. [82] Franklin's cover of "Rolling in the Deep" was featured among nine other songs in her first RCA release, Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics, released in October 2014. Franklin's half-brother Vaughn died in late 2002. 1983 besuchte sie zuletzt Europa. That same year, Franklin earned international acclaim for her performance of "Nessun dorma" at the Grammy Awards; she filled in at the last minute for Luciano Pavarotti, who canceled his appearance after the show had already begun. She asked to hear Pavarotti's rehearsal recording, and after listening, agreed that she could sing it in the tenor range that the orchestra was prepared to play in. [184] That same year she was ranked 19th among the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time top artists.[185][186]. Stevie Wonder, Jesse Jackson and ex-husband Glynn Turman visited her on her deathbed. Aretha moved back to Detroit in late 1982 to assist with the care of her father, who died at Detroit's New Light Nursing Home on July 27, 1984. Franklin achieved a gold record—for the first time in seven years—with the 1982 album Jump to It. [99] Franklin's voice was described as being a "powerful mezzo-soprano voice". 1956 erschien ihre erste Schallplatte, ein Gospelalbum. She launched a multi-city tour in mid-2014, starting with a performance on June 14 in New York at Radio City Music Hall. Ihr Nummer-eins-Hit Respect aus dem Jahr 1967 wurde zu einer Hymne der afroamerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung und schon bald zu einem der bedeutendsten Soul-Klassiker. She was praised for her arrangements and interpretations of other artists' hit songs. [15] Den von Regisseur Craig Gillespie und Kameramann Emmanuel Lubezki für BBDO New York gedrehten Spot gab es in abgewandelter Form auch in den USA. [25] Serving as her manager, C. L. Franklin agreed to the move and helped to produce a two-song demo that soon was brought to the attention of Columbia Records, who agreed to sign her in 1960. Gesangs- und Klavierunterricht nahm Aretha bei dem Komponisten und Gospelsänger James Cleveland. [210][211], At the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, the ceremony was ended with a memorial tribute to the life and career of Franklin. In April, Atlantic issued her frenetic version of Otis Redding's "Respect", which reached number one on both the R&B and pop charts. [6], Franklin received numerous honors throughout her career. [84], In December 2015, Franklin gave an acclaimed performance of "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" at the 2015 Kennedy Center Honors during the section for honoree Carole King, who co-wrote the song.