The meeting of the Legislature are summoned and adjourned on the advice of the cabinet. In others, this is exercised in conjunction with the European parliament. If it is required for fulfilment of a specific task, the Prime Minister may issue an order to set up temporary consultative councils or working groups (indicating their composition, issues to be considered, activities and responsibilities), which within the scope of their competence present opinion and proposals to the Prime Minister or the Cabinet of Ministers. Also know list of prime ministers of India till date. He can allocate, reshuffle various portfolios among ministers Prime Minister is the leader of Lok Sabha. Powers of the PM: As head of the council of ministers herecommends people to be appointed as ministers to thepresident. He appoints the leader of the majority party or the coalition of parties that commands a majority in the Lok Sabha, as Prime Minister. When the proclamation of emergency is issued the President can take the administration into his own hands and in this situation the Governor acts as the agent of the President of India. Hence, the other ministers cannot function without the Prime Minister. Link between President and the cabinet: Article 78 of the constitution defines the duties of the … There is no minimum Educational Qualification is prescribe under the Indian Constitution of 1949. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (as Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions). The Council of Ministers consists of all the three categories of Ministers – Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time. Their leadership style can affect how ministers react; their position on changing legislation, how accountable they are politically and socially or when subjected to scrutiny can sway the balance of power to eventually become a limitation. A prime minister must:-, These are the powers of the prime minister as a chairperson of the cabinet:-. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. But during emergency the Cabinet loses its importance. The Chief Minister can make a change in the departments of his ministers. During … The Prime Minister leads the work of the Cabinet of Ministers and is responsible before the Saeima. TOS4. Constitution of Indian under article 163 states that There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as he is by or under this Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion.Chief Minister is the head of the government in the State. He can rule the country in a way which he thinks the […] To become an Indian prime minister one has to be 1. Powers and Functions of Chief Ministers: Also Check: Reservation System in India. Also decides the posting of Indian Police Service officers – the All India Service for policing. In parliamentary system to distribute portfolios among different ministers is the authority of the Prime Minister. Ministers are taken from among the members of the Legislature. Prime Minister’s Powers, Functions and Roles | UPSC – IAS. Our Union Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive. The council of ministers exercises the executive authority of the Union Government. Functions and Powers of the Prime Minister are summarized below:- 1. The size of the ministry depends upon the Chief Minister. The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister. and to provide any information which the president may call for the administration of such matters, etc. PM guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers. There is only one qualification for becoming a minister that he should be a member of either House of the Legislature. These functions are all pervading and interdependent. The members individually as well as collectively and through the Prime Minister perform these functions within the parameters of the Constitution. The Council of Ministers can issue an ordinance through the state Governor. Question 1: Mention three important functions of the Prime Minister. Functions and responsibilities of the Prime Minister The Prime Minister determines the general direction of Government’s activities and ensures coordinated and purposeful work of the Cabinet of Ministers. Describe the powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India. Powers and functions of Prime Minister Prime Minister is the head of Council of Ministers. It has been held in R.C. The Prime Minister may remove the members of Council of Ministers at any time by demanding the Ministers’ resignation or getting them dismissed, by the President. The ministry exercises all the executive powers of the Governor. The Council of Ministers lays down the policy of Government and in the light of that the department work is carried out. The importance of council of minister(Executive body) is increasing day by day in this modern age. They are in charge of major ministries. Answer. Ministers and subject distribution was doneto each ministry by the president on advice of theprime minister. 74(1), he is the head of the Council of Ministers. Disclaimer Copyright. He allocates and reshuffles portfoliosamongst them. The Prime Minister acts as the general supervisor of the government and coordinates of various departments. Council of Ministers. Restraints on the Power of the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. He decides the agenda of the meetings. He not only leads the government but also the entire cabinet of ministers. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. The Council of Ministers may have three or two ranks of ministers. Today, the prime minister is often, but not always, a member of the Legislature or the Lower House thereof and is expected with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature.In some monarchies the monarch may also exercise executive powers (known as the royal prerogative) that are constitutionally vested in the crown and may be exercised without the approval of parliament. He is the head of the Council of Ministers and all the powers of the President are actually exercised by the ministers. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and the Council Ministers and Cabinet Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. PM allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. Article 74: There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. Functions and Powers of the Prime Minister are summarized below:- 1. PM presides over the meeting of council of ministers and influences its decisions. The president has no selective jurisdiction to drop off a name chosen by the Prime Minister. Note the equal standing of the Council of Ministers and European Parliament in the legislative process. A citizen of India. Prime Minister & Council of Ministers - Power & Function of Prime Minister SHANAKR SIR Article 75 of the Indian Constitution mentions that a Prime Minister is one who is appointed by the President. The constitutional position of the Chief Minister is more or less similar to that of the Prime Minister. This position places its holder in leadership of the nation and in control over all matters of internal and foreign policy. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. At any time, the PM may obtain the appointment, dismissal or nominal resignation of any other minister. PM also exercises control over the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) the country’s premier civil service. The Council of Ministers exercises the following functions. Prime Minister He is the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister is the most important and powerful executive of the state. In others, this is exercised in conjunction with the European parliament. The budget of the states is prepared by the Council of Ministers. Powers of PM with respect to Councils of Ministers. It is the cabinet which steers the ship of the state. The Legislative Assembly can pass a vote of no-confidence against the ministry and the ministry will vacate office. 2. Thus, it did not find a place in the original text of the Constitution. Council of Ministers has to resign or if the Prime Minister resigns, the Council of Ministers dissolved. All the departments of the Government are under the control of the Ministers and it is their responsibility to run the administration smoothly. After the appointment of Prime Minister, the President appoints all other ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. Powers and Functions: 1. Council of Ministers has the support of the party in majority in the Legislature and this party is always at the beck and call of the cabinet. The President appoints the Prime Minister. But the President cannot appoint anyone he likes. The Council shall consist of a representative of each Member State at ministerial level, who may commit the government of the Member State in question and cast its vote. The real executive power vests in the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. He/she also enjoys enormous power to guarantee the effective working of the state. The Chief Minister can ask any minister to resign. The Prime Minister leads the executive branch of the government, oversees economic growth, leads the National Assembly, heads the Council of Common Interests as well as the Cabinet, and is vested with the command authority over the nuclear arsenals. The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. 2. There are about 20 ministers of the Cabinet Rank. The ministers remain in office during the pleasures of the Chief Minister. Question 2. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, who also appoints other ministers on the advice of Prime Minister. He coordinates the working of different departments. They are to perform various functions. The Governor appoints the leader of the majority party as the Chief Minister and all other minister are appointed by him on the recommendation of the Chief Minister. In theory all major executive functions are vested in the hands of the President, but exercises them only with aid and advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Leader of the Cabinet: The Chief Minister can also advise the Functions Of Chief Ministers for the effective workings of the department. These functions are all pervading and interdependent. The Council of Ministers exercises the following functions. The Party Room – PMs need to maintain the support of their parliamentary colleagues. All the big and important appointments are made on the advice of the Council of Ministers. The Chief Minister distributes portfolio among the ministers. d) Prime Minister acts as a medium or connecting link between the Council of Ministers and the President as per the duty assigned under Article 78 of the Constitution which includes communication of all decision of the council of ministers to the President. The Council shall consist of a representative of each Member State at ministerial level, who may commit the government of the Member State in question and cast its vote. When the Prime Minister dies, the Council of Ministers will automatically cease to exist. Prime Ministers Julia Gillard (2013), Kevin Rudd (2010), Bob Hawke (1991), John Gorton (1971) and Robert Menzies (1941) all fell foul of their colleagues and were deposed as Prime Minister. The inaugural address of the Governor is also prepared by the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister allocates the department to the ministers and if he does not find the working satisfactory, can change the departments of the ministers. In other words, president is the head of the State while Prime Minister is the head of the government. 2. 2. The council of ministers exercises the executive authority of the Union Government. Prime minister is the central figure of the government. 2. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. The president cannot drop any name from this list; The Prime Minister distributes the work to the different ministers. The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President, unlike the government, but is still led by the Prime Minister, who was officially titled as the President of the Council of Ministers (French: Président du Conseil des ministres) during the Third and Fourth Republics. If the Prime Minister resigns, it means the resignation of the whole Ministry. How does a prime minister is elected/appointed/selected in india? “There shall be a Council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions”. The Council of Ministers occupies the same position in the state as the Council of Ministers occupies at the center. Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with such advice. 3. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. The Governor under such circumstances also is to act on the advice of the Ministry. In case of any disagreement between two or more departments, the decision of the Prime Minister is final. Functions and Powers of Chief Ministers . It is written in the constitution that there will be a Council of Minister headed by the Chief Minister to aid and advise the Governor. Most of the Bills are rejected and passed accordingly to the will of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. They maintain order and peace in the state. Medium. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Further, in the same capacity, the PM decides the assignments of top military personnel such as the Chief of the Army Staff, Chief of the Air Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff and commanders of operational and training commands. PM can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time. There are the ministers who propose imposition of taxes or suggest reduction or abolition of taxes. The above mentioned powers of the Council of Ministers clearly indicate that the ministry is the real ruler of the state .Its will prevail in the making of laws enforcing them in and the running of the administration of the state. The office of the Prime Minister has been created by the Constitution. Examples are on record when the Governor appointed those as Chief Minister who were not at all the members of the state Legislature. Powers of the Prime Minister The Prime Minister chairs the meetings of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Powers and functions of Prime Minister Prime Minister is the head of Council of Ministers. They participate in the meeting of the Legislature. Formation of the Council of Ministers: The task of formation of the ministry begins with the appointment of the Prime Minister by the President. Answer: (i) The Prime Minister presides at the Cabinet meetings. The prime minister is responsible for aiding and advising the president in distribution of work of the government to various ministries and offices and in terms of the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. It is the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President all decisions of Council of Ministers relating to administration of affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation and information relating to them. He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time. — Article 53(1), Constitution of India There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. He is primes inter pares (First among Equals') in Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister occupies a unique position of power and prestige. The Cabinet remains in office so far as enjoys the confidence of the majority of the members of the House. PM can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office. All bills and some decrees must be approved by the Council of Ministers. … The Council of Ministers in Orissa is known as Cabinet. 1. The Constitution provides that “there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the excercise of his functions”. In the state like the centre parliamentary Government has been established. He can be called the ruler-of the state. The PM may implement a According to Art. Content Guidelines 2. His powers and functions are: He prepares the list of the council of ministers. Chief Minister enjoys the same powers as the Prime minister of the country but those powers are limited to a state only. Prime Minister India follows a Parliamentary system of Government in which the Prime Minister is the leader of the executive system of Government Of India and also the head of the Council Of Ministers. What is the relationship of the Council of Ministers with the State Governor. Short Questions – II. In other words, president is the head of the State while Prime Minister is … He is responsible for co-ordination among the ministers. There is no direct election to the post of the Prime Minister. Article 74(i) of our constitution expressly states that the Prime Minister shall be at the head- of the council of ministers. The Council of Ministers is the EU's principal legislative body, with the unique power to make legislation in some areas. Answer: The Prime Minister forms the Council of Ministers according to the capability of the ministers, he assigns duty to them. The Parliament keeps an effective check on the power of the Prime Minister. And the President rules the country on the advice of the Prime Minister and his colleagues. He advices President regarding summoning and proroguing the sessions of … The main functions of the Council of Ministers are underlined. He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office. At present in Orissa it has two ranks of ministers. The President has discretionary powers when no party commands a majority in the lower house or when a Prime minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor. The Council of Ministers (through ECOFIN) co-ordinates the domestic economic policies of member states. The constitution of India under Article 163 provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head to aid and advise the Governor in every state. He can allocate, reshuffle various portfolios among ministers Prime Minister is the leader of Lok Sabha. He distributes portfolios according to the capability and seniority of the ministers included in the Council of Ministers. The prime minister selects and can dismiss members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the government; and is the presiding member and chairperson of the cabinet. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha and can remain in office so long as they enjoy the majority support in the House (Lok Sabha). Powers: We shall now discuss in details, the powers and functions of the President of India in the light of the above discussion. His preeminence rests on his commanding position in the Cabinet, coupled with fact that he is the leader of the majority party. It is the cabinet which steers the ship of the state. Head of the Government: While the President is head of the state, the Prime Ministers are head of the Government. The Prime Minister then makes his Council of Ministers. The Cabinet does not have any definite and fixed term of office. Hence, any Bill introduced by the Cabinet cannot be rejected and the Council of Ministers if it desires so can ask the Governor to dissolve the Legislative Assembly. Roles, Functions and powers of the Prime minister | UPSC – IAS, Emergency Provisions in Indian Constitution under article 356, 352 and 360, NavRakshak breathable PPE by Indian Navy | UPSC – IAS. The prime minister makes all the most senior Crown appointments, and most others are made by ministers over whom the prime minister has the power of appointment and dismissal. Privy Counsellors , Ambassadors and High Commissioners , senior civil servants, senior military officers, members of important committees and commissions, and other officials are selected, and in most cases may be … Eligibility – According to Article 84 of The Constitution of India qualification for membership of Parliament. The main functions of the Council of Ministers are underlined. The prime minister is usually always in charge/head of: what is the position of the prime minister under the parliamentary system of government? He plays a significant role in shaping the foreign policy of the country. The prime minister—on the non-binding advice of the Cabinet Secretary of India led-Senior Selection Board (decides the postings of top civil servants, such as, secretaries, additional secretaries and joint secretaries in the government of India. government vests in the Council of Ministers in Tamil Nadu. The source of all powers is the Constitution, which provides that the President shall act on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers. Cooper v. Union of India, (1970) 3 … A member of either Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha 3. The Governor may also remove a Minister from the council of Ministers on the advice of the Chief Minister. image source: timwoodroof.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/dynamics-minister1.jpg. The executive powers of the President are exercised by the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers is the EU's principal legislative body, with the unique power to make legislation in some areas. They introduce Bills, participate in the discussion and cast their vote. Note the equal standing of the Council of Ministers and European Parliament in the legislative process. In this way, he is the real or chief executive.