Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789) Main article: United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs List of Secretaries of State For Mr Biden, it’s a choice between a confidant, someone influential, appeasing the base, or … Get the most popular abbreviation for Secretary Of State updated in 2021 The following is the list of Texas Secretaries of State for both the Republic of Texas and the State of Texas. Secretaries of State before 1848 were appointed by governors; Horace S. Cooley was both appointed by Governor French under that system, and retained in office by election under the 1848 Constitution. Dominic was first appointed Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and First Secretary of State on 24 July 2019. Originally a two-year term, the office changed to a four-year term in 1946. In most states, the secretary of state's office is a creation of the original draft of the state constitution. In 37 states, the secretary of state position is elected, whereas in the others, the position is appointed by an official such as the state's governor. H.Em. 78-472; 58 Stat. Card. In the vast majority of states, the secretary of state is also responsible for the administration of the Uniform Commercial Code, an act which provides for the uniform application of business contracts and practices across the United States, including the registration of liens on personal property. The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 284 total. ** Appointed Interim Secretary of State by Governor Martin O'Malley. The Project was funded by George Soros and members of the Democracy Alliance. Ministry. Besides those states which do not have separate offices for secretary of state, the states of Illinois, Kansas, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota and South Carolina have never had an appointed nor elected female secretary of state. In at least 35 states, the secretary of state is also responsible for the administration of notaries public. And in some states, the secretary of state has actual wide-ranging regulatory authority over businesses as well. Official homepage of the Missouri Secretary of State Publications by or about the Missouri Secretary of State’s Office at Internet Archive. No two states have the exact same responsibilities for their secretaries of state. SECRETARIES OF THE STATE . Official homepage of the Missouri Secretary of State; Publications by or about the Missouri Secretary of State’s Office at Internet Archive. Florida is one of the many states for which this is true, and for this reason, during the Florida election recount, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris became one of the few state secretaries of state to become well known nationally. He was first elected Conservative MP for … Card. Many states also require the secretary of state's office to also maintain records of land transactions and ownership. Introduction. The state Secretary of State is responsible for a wide range of government activities: Election related: The Secretary of State is often the state's main election official and operates the office that registers candidates. In 1880, Nathan C. Barnett became the first secretary of state elected by Georgia’s voters. 13 ways to abbreviate Secretary Of State. See Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources . This includes doctors, plumbers, cosmeticians, general contractors, and, in at least two states, ministers (to perform marriages). However, by the Tudor period, the office's purview had become more onerous.. Secretaries of state, or those acting in that capacity, belong to the National Association of Secretaries of State. Hand in hand with this duty, in most states the Secretary of State is responsible for state trademark registration and for chartering businesses (usually including partnerships and corporations) that wish to operate within their state. On September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, Washington signed into law another act which changed the name of the office from Secretary of Foreign Affairs to Secretary of State, changed the name of the department to the Department of State, and added several domestic powers and responsibilities to both the office of secretary and the department. This includes in most states the official copies of state documents including the actual official copy of the state constitution (and in Delaware, the state-owned copy of the United States Bill of Rights) formal copies of legislative acts enacted into law, executive orders issued by the governor, and regulations and interpretations of statutes issued by state regulatory agencies. Since the early 1980s, many states have increased efforts to develop direct commercial relations with foreign nations. 1224). In some of these states, and also some states without official museums, the secretary of state is designated as the official with responsibility for maintenance of the state's historical records. Search Business Services Get Help With Voting Are you registered? This list was, until about a year ago, accurate in listing the states from which each secretary of state was commissioned, as confirmed (mostly) on the State Department website (which used to be clearer, but has now decided to be somewhat less clear as the result of a website redesign - I assume the older, clearer version can still be found using the wayback machine, though). On September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, Washington signed into law another act which changed the name of the office from Secretary of Foreign Affairs to Secretary of State, changed the name of the department to the Department of State, and added several domestic powers and responsibilities to both the office of secretary and the department. Accordingly, in most states, the secretary of state also maintains all records on business activities within the state. In California, this does not extend to primary elections, or to the elections of the Governor or the Lieutenant Governor. Card. The Secretary carries out the President's foreign policies through the State Department, which includes the Foreign Service, Civil Service, and U.S. Agency for … In most cases, this means only public buildings (usually the state capitol building), but in Mississippi it also includes some lands that are legally defined as belonging to the state, such as tidelands.. Links to all 50 States: Secretary of State (SOS) Website, Business/Corporate Services Division, and Business Entity Searches Name of State Department (1st column) This is the main governing body of a state, usually called the Secretary of State , but may have a different name (ex: Department of State, Commonwealth, or simply, The State of…”). Currently, in 35 states, the secretary of state is elected, usually for a four-year term. According to the secretary of state’s office, counties are responsible for updating voter registration. Under Secretaries of State Congress provided for the position of Under Secretary of State in a general government appropriations act adopted on Mar 1, 1919 (40 Stat. https://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/principalofficers/secretary In 38 states, the ultimate responsibility for the conduct of elections, including the enforcement of qualifying rules, oversight of financial regulation and establishment of Election Day procedures falls on the secretary of state. In at least a half-dozen states, this record keeping authority extends to civil acts, such as marriages, birth certificates, and adoption and divorce decrees. Former secretaries of state such as Henry Kissinger, James Baker and Madeline Albright shaped to a great degree the policy of their respective presidents and the trajectory of American power abroad. The Illinois Secretary of State keeps the state records, laws, library, and archives, and is the state's corporation registration, vehicle registration and driver licensing authority. Ostensibly this requires the secretary to make decisions as to where the state seal shall be affixed, whether it be onto legislation, state contracts, or other official documents. The origin of the office lays in the office of the King's private secretary. Most of the time, the work of a state secretary of state or body that oversees elections is done in the background. McWilliams actually held the title only two days, February 7-8, 1946. Several states have given their secretary of state at least one responsibility that is shared by no other state's secretary: Art 1 Sec 10(3): "No State shall, without the consent of Congress,...enter into any agreement or compact...with a foreign power", National Association of Secretaries of State, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia, direct commercial relations with foreign nations, http://www.sos.state.ms.us/PublicLands/Tidelands/, http://www.state.de.us/sos/pardhome.shtml, Fifty-Sixth Biennial Report (2003-2005) of the North Dakota Secretary of State, South Dakota Secretary of State, Concealed Pistol permits, Secretary of State Business And Corporation Search. Last edited on 29 December 2020, at 14:35. Global AIDS Coordinator The United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Albright, Richard Deputy Assistant Secretary Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President's chief foreign affairs adviser. Earl Coe, a Democrat, was appointed Washington's ninth Secretary of State in January, 1948, by Governor Monrad Wallgren and served two terms. (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/POOL/AFP via Getty Images) November 5, 2020 However, in Delaware and Nebraska, the secretary of state sits on a board of pardons with the governor, and the secretary of state commands equal authority with the governor in any pardoning decisions that are issued. The duties and responsibilities of the office have grown substantially since that time paralleling the growth of governmental activities in Connecticut. Georgia’s Secretaries of State. Several states grant a technical statutory authority to the secretary of state in the realm of pardons and commutations. and granting them the authority to do business within the state; registering secured transactions; and granting access to public documents.