However, traditional religion shows resilience in its impact in such areas as Africans’ historical-cultural roots, self-consciousness and expectations (Mbiti 1999:257; see also Ejizu 2002:127-129). Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. When they prayed God through their forefathers, it was like praying the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Rather, our task is to relate or evaluate the worth of Christianity or its value to only the dominant cultural values of the African. constitute sources to understanding African traditional religion. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. The influence of Christianity on African Traditional Religion and African Christian It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. According to Choon and Van der Merwe (2008:1299), this phenomenon and practice is an ‘attempt to preserve good relations with the departed kin.’ The practice and the involvement in ancestral rituals should be seen as religiously motivated. sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). African traditional system, what was captured in the modern day intellectual jingles as “sexuality”, can be found deep in the folktales and other oral traditions of the African societies. One of the abiding features of traditional religion is the annual festival of divinities and the veneration of ancestors. and survived in a mixture with Christianity, despite the University Of Nigeria Nsukka | To Restore The Dignity Of Man �R�}�C���������X�O'�������{� 1��a������-/�6K#����u��ř�ݎ����3��� ^~��8����/���L��W��߼�Ë}�r��\c�z�x�b|�m`��T�4��G ���[���'�o���h~�kZ_�k��6�4��'��+&���D���7�ox(�"�����L5H_���"�1�Z=�zy }�t�^��1�9"�%}�B��;I���Ey���U[��(�o��K�W�r�~���y�~;l�-7���v�� �3] 0 competitions, examinations, and the search for employment. including stories, myths, proverbs, prayers, ritual incantations, h�b```�t.V!b`��0pL r܄�:�(p�e practiced in the early twenty-first century mostly in the but these are said to be disappearing. (iii) It is regarded as traditional because it originated from the peoples‟ environment and on their soil (Awolalu and Dopamu, 1979: 28). endstream endobj startxref Religion in Sub-Saharan Africa 10 Traditional Religion 11 What is “Traditional Religion”? African religion is found primarily in oral sources, including stories, myths, proverbs, prayers, ritual incantations, songs, names of people and places, and the specialized and carefully guarded knowledge of religious personages. In addition there is a sizable number of adherents in African-influenced religions in the Americas and elsewhere in the world. In general, it can be said that Christians in Kavango consider Christianity and traditional African religion as a continuum, not as opposites. 13 numbers of adherents of African religion. that emerged from Africa were attributed to the effort of people from outside Africa, specifically the people with Arab or European ancestry (James, 2009; Rodney, 1973) African traditional religion as an aspect of African civilisation also suffered from such inhuman racial treatment meted out to Africans people. half of the twentieth century, on film and on audiotapes and hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. This is an explanatory and analytical research based on African traditional religions in terms of the life style and their inclusive faith in One God. African Traditional Religion is part of the category designated as primal religion (Momen 2009:356). %PDF-1.6 %���� h�bbd``b`�$Z��-�`}$��@� V-�by��|��x�x�����4d #����� Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. 1 Where possible, the same headings have been used for Chapters Four and Five, so ... whether African Traditional Religion should be termed monotheistic or polytheistic. endstream endobj 514 0 obj <>/Metadata 58 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 508 0 R/StructTreeRoot 89 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 515 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 516 0 obj <>stream Printed in South Africa by DS Print Media The manual may not be reproduced without written permission from Inter Press Service. ( Log Out /  For example, 421p. Great African civilizations such as Pharaonic Egypt, etc. He opines that African traditional religion contributed to the spread of Christian beliefs in Africa. Since the nineteenth century these sources have influence of other cultures and environments. 421p. ȴ�C����Ah��$/\ꀯ�1�x`�\0�S����&��3Ҫ�����TQ8� �����Tʂ?AVI�_�A�[2��~�ǫ��%�}�Gb7�{r������E��!�/l� This paper primarily addresses the controversy among scholars on whether oral traditions such as myths, songs, wise sayings, incantations, invocations, legends, etc. INTRODUCTION In every human society, values are pivot upon which future … This is an explanatory and analytical research based on African traditional religions in terms of the life style and their inclusive faith in One God. ( Log Out /  emerges among Christians and Muslims in times of crisis 539 0 obj <>stream Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. endstream endobj 517 0 obj <>stream It would be correct to assert, however, that the encounters are the results, rather than the sources, of religion in Africa in the traditional setting. religious objects and places like shrines, altars, and ceremonial 1 AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION 14 1.1 Nature, Fundamentals and Principles 14 1.1.1 The Origin of African Traditional Religion 16 1.1.2 Features of African Traditional Religion 18 1.1.3 Various Elements 19 1.1.4 The Place of Cult 20 1.1.5 Private worship 21 1.1.6 Public Worship 21 1.2 Documentation of African Traditional Religion 22 This accounts for the varying figures that are sometimes seen in . ?2۫� �9���� �J��}�Rs_D������HAK{wY˳��|x���8ۻT�E����.���y;�k��X�6�y1r��M,j#����q�{�G�����O�"�A��i�b�����#းYzp����u(?v Normally this comes through the expression of exercising some kind of ritualized power. Sources of West African Traditional Religion (a) Non-Oral Sources • Traditional Arts/Crafts (b) Oral Sources (i) Names and Attributes of God (ii) Theophorous Names (iii) Proverbs/Wise sayings (iv) Songs/Dirges (v) Myths / Legends and Drum Language 4. RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF WORLD POPULATION: 1.3 percent OVERVIEW. H�tSMo�@��W��{��KQ�iժTU�[���@Jv�4���3�չس�o��؉OF���f4�~������l hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. More so, myths encode the traditional settings of the African and their belief system. Religion in Igbo traditional society partakes fully of all the features of world traditional religion, including its beliefs, sacred myths, oral qualities, strong appeal to the hearts of adherents, high degree of ritualization, and possession of numerous participatory personages such as officiating elders, kings, priests, and diviners. African religion is For many Africans and Ghanaians, in particular, it is religion more than anything else that shapes their worldview and participation in social life6. h�ԗ_o�6�� This paper primarily addresses the controversy among scholars on whether oral traditions such as myths, songs, wise sayings, incantations, invocations, legends, etc. Religions,” characterized by a spirituality of response to the of traditional African religion alongside their professed beliefs. (1). African traditional religion The faith in ancestors continued to be practised by many African Christians. In this paper I wish to examine the place and the role of women according to African Religion. This paper attempts to reappraise his views on salvation from a theological point of view.